Fuels are all the chemical components that burn and give us energy. There are several types of fuels including Liquefied natural gas, petroleum products, and coal …
Liquefied natural gas: Is a non-toxic, non-corrosive, non-explosive source of energy that emits fewer greenhouse gas emissions than other hydrocarbons. Indeed, LNG is the gas used for decades in cooking food, in heating or as part of industrial processes. LNG does not mix with soil and can not contaminate it, so it is safe for the environment.
Coal: Is a rich carbon-rich sedimentary rock exploited for fuel. It is formed by progressive accumulation of small elements. Several types of coals exist, for example, Peat (Rich in carbon) or Anthracite (low carbon).
Petroleum products Are hydrocarbons that are to say a mixture of hydrogen and carbon. Debris from plants and animals that have accumulated, protected from oxygen, has formed in the earth’s crust under hundreds of degrees and high pressure. Thus, this organic matter is transformed into hydrocarbon rock. With time these rocks form pockets of oil between 2000 and 5000 meters deep. To be exploitable, petroleum products require refining to recover light products (gas, butane, propane, …), medium products (gas oil, kerosene …) or heavy products (heavy fuel oil …)